Mulnayak: Nearly 45 cms. high, white – coloured dol of Bhagwan Pallaviya Parshvanath in the
Tirth: It is in the centre of the city of Palanpur in Gujarat and is popularly known as Motu Derasar.
It is one of the main temples of Palanpur.
Historicity: Palanpur is the birthplace of Prabhavak Acharya Shri Somsundarsuriji who was born
in V.S.1430 and Badshah Akbar pratibodak Jagadguru Shri Hirvijaysurishvarji who was born in
V.S.1583. There is a story behind the establishment of this city and temple. This ancient city is
more than 1,000 years old. King Prahaladan, also known as Palan, who was a Shaivite, came to
the throne of Abu in V.S.1001. He melted a metal idol of jain Thirthankara and made a Nandi out
of that metal. He installed that Nandi in a Shiva temple. One has to face the consequences of
one's actions. The king fell sick and he learnt that he was afflicted by leprosy. All efforts for curing
the disease proved ineffective. Problems don't come alone. On learning of his disease, his throne
was taken away from him by his relatives. In agony, he went to a forest. There he met Acharya Shri
Sheeldhavalsurishvarji. He told the Acharya about his actions and asked him what he should do in
repentance for what he had done. The Acharya asked him to establish an idol of a jain
Thirthankara and worship the idol daily. An alluring idol of Bhagwan Parshvanath was made and he
started worshipping the idol nine times daily with great faith and devotion. He was cured of his
disease very soon and he became a follower of the jain religion.
Being cured of his disease, the king named the idol of Parshvanath as "Pallaviya Parshvanath". In
V.S.1011, he found a beautiful spot and established a new city which became very prosperous.
This city was called Prahaladanpur after the name of the king and is also known as Palanpur. He
built a beautiful and gorgeous two storeyed temple in the city known as "Prahaladan Vihar" and
installed this idol of Pallaviya Parshvanath in it. This influential idol came to be known as "Pallaviya
Parshvanath". No one knows if this idol was made of gold or stone. During the Muslim invasion,
this original idol was hidden for its safety. A new idol of Bhagwan Parshvanath was made and
installed in the original temple by the revered hands of Korantgacchia Acharya Shri Kakkasuriji on
the fifth day of the bright half of the month of Phalgun in V.S.1274. This Parshvanath came to be
known as "Pallaviya Parshvanath". There are two other temples attached to the main temple with
Bhagwan Adinath and Bhagwan Neminath as the Mulnayak in them. This temple stands even
today. King Prahaladan performed many acts of religion. He was a great scholar and wrote many
books. The Sanskrit drama entitled "Parth Parakram Vyayog" was written by him. This temple was
renovated a few years back..
When Tappagaccha Acharya Shri Devendrasurishvarji came to Palanpur, he saw that the people
of Palanpur were very religious. 84 Shresthis along with other people of the city came to hear the
discourses of the Acharya in their palanquins decorated with the umbrella of peacock feathers.
Daily there was an offering of one Moodak (old measure for weighing) rice and sixteen mann of
supari (betel nut) in the temple. Upadhyay Vidhyanandgani was given the title of Acharya and he
was named Acharya Shri Vidhyanandsuriji and his younger brother Dharmakirti Maharaj was given
the title of Upadhyay in the temple of Shri Pallaviya Parshvanath. At that time, there was a shower
of scented Kumkum in the temple. The whole gathering present there was overjoyed when they
saw this miracle.
Other Temples: Besides this, there are at present 14 temples here.
Works of art and Sculpture: The idol of Bhagwan Parshvanath is very influential, miraculous,
alluring and beautiful. In this temple, there are other ancient artistic, bright – looking idols. In other
temples also, there are eye-pleasing idols. There is an idol of Goddess Ambika Devi here with the
year V.S.1315 written on it and on the idol of Gurudev V.S.1274 is written. The Jain temple with its
exquisite carvings and beautiful architecture helps to boost and enrich the cultural heritage of
Palanpur. The other attraction about this Jain temple is that it has the last existing image of
Palanpur’s King Prahaladan.
Guidelines: Palanpur is the main city of Banaskantha district. The Palanpur railway station is on
the main highway from Ahmedabad to Abu Road. The railway station and the bus stand are at a
distance of one km. from the temple. Buses and taxis are available for travel to the temple.
Dharamshala and Bhojanshala facilities are available here. Palanpur is well connected to all the
main cities by road. There are Gyanbhandaars, Upashrayas and Pathshalas here.
Scripture: A mention of Pallaviya Parshvanath is made in "NabhiNandanodwar Prabhand", in
"Gurvavali", "Shri Guruparv Karm Varnan", "Tirthmaala", "Prabandh Paanchshati", "Som
Sowbhagya Pattavali", "Vikram Charitra Paanchdand", "Tappagaccha Pattavali", "Hirsowbhagya",
"365 Shri Parshvajin Naammaala", "Shri Bhateva Parshvanath Stavan", "108 Naamgarbhit Shri
Parshvanath Stavan", "Shri Hirvijaysuri Raas", "Shri Parshvanath Naammala", "135 Naamgarbhit
Shri Parshvanath Stavan", "Vriddhi Vijay Gani Nirvan Bhaas", Shri Vijayratnasuri Raas",
"Sohamkulratna Pattavali Raas", "Shri Pallaviya Parshvanath Stavan", "Shri Parshva Prabhu ke
108 Naam ke Chandd" etc. There is an idol of Pallaviya Parshvanath in Kalikund Parshvanath
temple in Santacruz, Mumbai.
Trust: Shri Pallaviya Parshvanath Jain Shwetambar Mandir, Post: Palanpur, District:
Banaskantha – 385 001. State: Gujarat, India. Phone: 02742 – 262731.