Literature of Jain Philosophy and Agamas
Brief introduction Jain Agamas:
One who establishes a ‘Tirtha’ is ‘Tirthankaras’. Tirtha also means first
‘Gandhara’ – main disciple. Tirtha means 12 Anga Literature. Tirtha means four-fold
Sangh. The Lord Tirthankara, initially creates Kevalgyana the Ultimate knowledge and
them sits in a Samvasarana–a special kind of stage-arrangement prepared by gods and
addresses the four Parshada- the creatures of four Gaties including humans. The
Gandharas present there have been gifted with whoever the Lord Tirthankaras speaks are
properly interpreted to all present there. The twelve Angas have been composed during
this distinct exercise.
The Agama scriptures have been composed by Lord Tirthankaras by way of their
meanings, whereas by ‘Sutra’ they have been composed by Lord Gandharas. These
Agamas show ways to ‘Moksha’ (liberation) to the religious people. Innumerable souls
have reached Moksha by pursuing this path; after crossing the great ocean of this world.
Lord Tirthankaras are super-human elements. Their world is above any doubt and any
dispute. They are in know of everything. They are above the feeling of Rag. That is why
they are Vitraga. Anything spoken by Lord Tirthankaras who are all knowledgeable,
cannot be untrue or subject to any dispute. Their world will be indefinitely for the welfare
of all living beings,. Rev. Shri Haribhadra Surijee, who composed 1444 religious
scriptures, has observed:
“Who would have happened, to the ignorant and destitute people like us, who are
polluted by the faults of this difficult period had there note been Agama Scriptures in this
world? There is no knowledge in this world; there is no element in this world; there is no
study in this world; there is not a single thing in this world, which is not there in Agama
scriptures whatever good and worth imitating you find in other philosophy are also parts
of Jain Scriptures only.”
In order to study the essence of Agamas scripture by heart, it is necessary to study
Nay, Nikshepa, Praman and Saptbhangi also. One who study the Jain Agamas scripture
would realize that none else but only ‘Sarvagn’-All knowledgeable and All-visionary can
show us such forms of living and non livings. Jain Agama scripture is a great ocean. It is
very vast. It contain innumerable meanings. It is a great mystery. It is very deep and very
profound. Here an attempt is made to introduce the Jain Agama scripture in brief. This
abstract is taken from Shri Vardhaman Jain Agama Mandir Sanstha Palitana.
1. Shri Acharnag Sutra :
The Twelve Agama scripture (Dwadshangi) have been
compased by Gandharas of these, the first Sutra was originally named as Achar.
The Acharang Sutra has 18 Thousand words. It has two main divisions – the first
one is Brahmcharya Sutra Skandh – a division related to celibacy. It has nine
studies, the second one is known as Acharang. It has 16 Studies.
The seventh study called Maha Parigna of first division is not available presently.
It was available upto the time of Shri Vraj Swami the last 10th Purvadhar as is
In this scripture the procedure to collect the ‘Gochari’ the food items. Besides,
various items concerning the monk-life have been shown very subtly and
minutely. They include Kayotsarga-Sitting- Sleeping-Movement outside (Vihar)
coming and going somewhere, these have4 been shown vividly.
In the beginning of the Sutra, it has been shown with evidence that there is life in
several six beings including Prithvikaya etc.
There have been five Chulikas in this Sutra. But the 5th one is now shown
separately in the name of Nishith Sutra which is also known as Achar Prakalp.
Therefore, only four Chulikas have been indicated.
This scripture is very very useful for protection of monk life and providing
security to it and also to strengthen our faith and cultivate one for livings like Six
Kayas (Prithvikaya etc.)
2. Shri Suyadang Sutra :
The name of this sutra as per Agama version is
Suygad. There are two main two divisions. The first one is Shodashak because it
has 16 (Shodashak) sub divisions. (Studies). This Sutra contains the matters
concerning 363 gingers who attended the sermon session of Lord Mahavir in his
Lord Rushabhdev have given sun’s quarries solutions to his 98 sons who had
come to seek his advise and guidance listening to Lord Rushabhdev’s advice all
98 sons are convinced that the world is useless.
In the 6th sub-division, the virtues of Lord Mahavir are described in which his
seriousness, to the problems of life his penance, his great knowledge his
studiousness etc. are greatly praised.
In the 6th Sub division of 2nd division of this Sutras the detailed information are
provided about Ardkumar who was both in non-aryan world. In this description,
Ardkumar has a meeting with Goshala have thorough discussion, and all his
misbelieves are ratified all this is explained in this portion.
The sutra is supposed to have 36000 words. At present 2100 verses are available.
3. Shri Stang (Thanang) Sutra :
This is third Sutra of Dwadshangi (12 Angas). Its
theoretical name is Thanang or Thanam. It has only one division with 10sub
division. The composition of this Sutra is made on statistical pattern. A list is
prepared of all the materials, objects with figure 1 to 10. the same style is
followed on a Bauddha scripture Anguttar. Likewise, in the Adhyay number 134
of Aranyak purva of Mahabharat, this pattern is followed.
Those great personalities who were contenperies of Lord Mahavir and who with
their great deeds and virtues, made a reservation in the list of future. Tirthankaras
the personalities like Sulsa, Revati, Shrenik etc. totally nine such great people are
described in the 9th sub-division of this sutra.
Lord Mahavir himself had given the vow of renunciation to 8 kings. In the 8th sub
division we can read a list of these 8 kings.
A great details about Jain views of geography are found in this Sutra. There are at
present 3700 verses and 7200 words.
4. Shri Samvayang Sutra :
The 4th Ang Sutra is Samvay Ang, as its name. We
presently know it as Samvayang Sutra.
This Sutra has only single division only one sub-division and totally 135 verses.
This sutra contains the figures from 1 to 100 then 200-300-400 upto 1,00,000, a
milion4 a crore and then KotaKoti (Carores and Carores) and upto Sagaropam
(Indefinite) such terms as described by Lord Mahavir.
The Sutra also explains briefly the form and structure of 12 Sutras. The Sutras
contains very important and significant in formation about Lord Mahavir in
verses on 7, 11, 14, 30, 36, 42, 43, 53, 54, 55, 70, 82, 83, 86, 104, 100, 110, 111,
134, 135 etc. (totally there are 195 such verse)
We have also very precious information about stars, planets and other related
objects of the cosmos, including information about geography, astronomy, god’s
world. This Sutra tells us that all 23 Tirthankaras (except lord Rishabh) got the
ultimate knowledge at the time of sunrise and that all these 23 Tirthankaras had
knowledge of 11 Angas.
This Sutras is Brahmi scripts. It has 46 alphabets. The Sutra has 144000 Words
and 1637 verses in it.
5. Shri Bhagvati Sutra (Vyakhya – Pragnipti Sutra):
In this Sutra contains
“Sarvanuyog”. The theoretical have of this Sutra is “Vivahpannati” but it is
popularly known as Bhagvati Sutra In the beginning of this Sutra the respects are
offered to the five fold gods and the Brahmi Script.
In this Sutra the first principle disciple of lord Mahavir – Gandhar Gautam asks
36000 questions to Lord Mahavir, and Lord Mahavir gives very thorought
Besides, a princess and followers of Jain religion Jayatti also asked several
questions and Lord Mahavir also replied to there questions. Besides, it also
includes the question asked by the householders of Tumgiya city and the replies
received on them by the disciples of Lord Parshvanath traditions.
Each time when a word ‘Gautam’ appeared in this Sutra, the great merchant
Pethad shah, on each word offered his reverence with a gold coin. Shri
Abhydevsuri who composed ‘Navangi viriti’ compared this great work Bhagwati
Sutra with godly Jaykanjar elephant. This is real credit provided to this great
Sutra by a great personality. Even today when this Sutra is read in Vyakhyan, a
special ceremony is performed in its geetings.
Since the Agamas contains the matter on so many topics of the world, it is very
useful to many.
In Sutra containing 41 Shatak (41 X 100 years) more than 100 subdivisions, 1000
years and 288000 words. The sutra also contains meanings of “Vivah Patnati”.
The Sutra also contains the story of renunciation of Rushabhdatta and Devanande
and their ultimate liberation.
6. Shri Guata Dharma Kathanag Sutra :
The original name of this scripture is
“Naya Dhammkaha.” It has 2 main divisions. The first division has 19 sub
divisions, and the second has 10 divisions.
In the first division there is an exiting and interesting story of how Meghkumar
first went down in his thoughts but soon rose to the occasion and how in the life
of an elephant, he kept one of his feet just higher to save a life of a small______.
Who was taking protection under it from heavy rains for two and half days!
There are also several the ughtful legends with a series of illustrations and a work
like ‘Tumbak Adhyayan’ containing several stories containing disguised sermons.
The eight sub division is called “Mahi Adhyayan” as it is a life story of Lord
The Thirteenth sub division (Adhyayan) describes how a soul falls down without
compnionship of and the great sermons by the good Guru. It contains the life
story of Nand Maniar.
In a portion of this scripture where the story about Draupadi is described it shows
that Draupadi had performed the Pooja to lord Tirthankaras.
In a second division of this scripture, there is detailed description of wives of
Indra i.e. Indranis.
7. Shri Upasak Dashand Sutra :
The real name of this Sutra is “Upasakdasha.”
The name is derived from two words viz. Upasak and Dasha. Upasak is one who
follows the religion of Jainism i.e. a Shravak, and ‘Dasha’ means ‘ten’ In this
sutra, ten sub divisions, there has been a detailed description of ten followers –
ten Shravakas including Anand etc. who were great followers of Lord Mahavirp
In the first part there is a story of Shravak Anand, including his dialogue and
discussion with Gautam Swami. Ultimately, Gautam Swami expresses his
unconditional apology to Anand, who had attained Avadhi Gyan, a kind of
superior knowledge, within certain geographical and or time boundaries –
The sub division no. 2nd to 8th contain how the Gods had shown severe painful
tests on the Skravakas like Kamdev etc. to deviate them from their conviction to
Saddul putra was follower of Gashala’s sect in the beginning, but then he
reaslised that religion propounded of Lord Mahavir was a right religion and he
followed lord Mahavir there after. This is contained in 7th sub division. In eight
sub division. Lord Mahavir asks Maha Shatak, Shravak to apologige for telling
the truth which was very bitter Maha Shatak, as per Lord’s instructions confesses
this mistake, accepts the punishment (Aalochana) and becomes pure.
Out of 10 Shravak / followers of Lord Mahavir Anand, Kundkolik, Tetalipita and
Nandini Pita were not subjected to any painful tests by gods.
The Upasak Dasang Sutra has 5,76,000 words, At Present we have a text of 812
8. The Ant Krudsang Sutra :
Its original name in Prakrut Language is Antgad Dasa
scripture. It is divided into 8 divisions and 92 sub divisions.
The word ‘Autkrut’ has a special meaning attached to its. When the soul attains
Kevalgyan. The Ultimate knowledge and immediately thereafter deducting and
destructing all his Karmas of eight kinds, and does not live a moment thereafter,
and immediately goes in the serious of Siddh Parmatma, such souls in technical
terms are known as antkrut.
In this sutra, we have the life stories of all such sould from all classes who
became ‘Siddh’ immediately after attaining Keval gyan the ultimate knowledge.
Because their 8 kinds of Karmas were destructed _______. One soul viz Goutam
etc. of Abdhuk Vishnu who was a glory of Yadav dynasty. These eight sons viz.
Gautam etc. renunciated the world at the hand of Lord Neminath, went to
Shatrunjay mountain had penance performed there, attained the Ultimate
knowledge called Kevalgyan and went forth with to Siddhloka.
Gajsukumal was Krisha’s brother. He had renunciated the world by the hand of
Lord Neminath. He was performing severe penance. Standing steadily in the
cremation place, where his worldly father-in-law came, and placed the lighted fire
on his head and thereby made very severe painful fatal experience on him. He
however, very peacefully and in equanimity, suffered this painful suffering
blamed not his father-in-law, but his own Karmas and thus attained the ultimate
knowledge (Keval gyana) and forth with died and reached in the series of Siddh.
This story is vividly hold in this Sutra. Besides we have equally interesting and
exiting story of life- that of Arjun Mali.
In this Sutra, we read about Queen Mahusen Krishna of king Shrenik, who
performed a great penance of oils of Aymbil after renunciation of this world.
The Sutra has 11,52,000 words presently we have available a text of this Sutra
containing 850 verses.
9. Shri Anuttaro Papadik Dashang Sutra :
In the original scripture the sutra is
known as ‘Anuttaro vavaidasha’ it has three divisions and thirty three sub
divisions. It contains the life stories of great virtuous souls who had led the most
purest characterous lives and then emerged in Anuttar Viman – a well known land
of god – Dev Loka. The stories include those of seven sons viz. Joli etc. of queen
Dharini of king Shrenik, and two sons viz., Vehall and Vehas of queen Chelkana
and also that of great minister and master of from fold intelligence called
Abhaykumar glorious sons of queen Nannda the first queen of king Shrenik. This
sutra contains all these life stories as well as their virtuous character etc.
In the last i.e. third sub-division, we have the narration of Dhanna Kakandi, who
was praised by Lord Mahavir himself for his most difficult tasks undertaken by
him, among his 14000 disciple family. Dhanna Kakamdi, or Popularly known as
Dhanna Angar, had done great penance of series of chhattha penance (two day
fasts) with any Ayambil in benefits this penance was so great and hard that when
he walked, his bones ere making noise. Such hard and hash was his penance. The
great monks whose life-stories have been included in this Sutra will in next life
will go to Mahavideh Kshetra and get liberated. The number of words in this
Sutra are 23,04,000
10. Shri Prashna Vyakaran Sutra :
The name of this 10th Jin Agam Sutra in the
scripture is Panha Vagaranani in present time only a few portion of this Sutra is
available. Rest is not found these days .
The Sutra has only one main division, with its 10 (ten) sub divisions. The
first five of these 10 sub division describe the good elements like Non-violence
etc. and the rest five sub-divisions describe the good elements like Non-violence
etc. In short, this Sutra describe both evil and good elements i.e. Astrova and
As per Nandi Sutra Version about this Sutra, it contained 108 problems,
108 non-problem, 108 problems – cum – non problems several super-intelligence
and super-para-psychological hymns (Mantras) as well as the dialogue and
discussion of Monks held with Nagkumar and other Bhavanpati Gods. However,
at present nothing except the good and evil elements discussion.
In the topic third great vow, it has been stated that if the visit by a monk to
a house holder becomes a cause of contempt, the monk should not pay visit for his
Gochari- food staft etc. The Sutra has 4,60,800 words.
11. Shri Vipak Sutra :
The original name of this Sutra is Vivag Suyam. It has 2 main
divisions (i) Unhappiness Vipak Sutra Skandh and (ii) Happiness Vipak Sutra
Skandh. Both have 10 Sub divisions.
In the first sub-division, there is a discussion about Mruga Putra, in his earlier
life, he imposed very several taxes on his subjects and made them unhappy. This
brought him a lot of sins, and these sins came in light in his later life and gets
consequences of those sins. At last, he is born as Mruga Putra and leads a painful
Gautam Swami learns about him from Lord Mahavir Swami and he himself visits
him to see him. The whole illustration is an eye opens to the modern rulers.
The later sub-division related to happiness are mainly related to the stories of
good deeds like donation and such other encouraging and motivating illustrations.
There is a reference of donation beings given to Yug Bahu Tirthankaras in the
The Sutra contains 2,16,000 words.
12. Shri Autpatik Sutra :
(The first Upang Sutra) There are twelve S12F Upang
Sutras, of which this is a first one. Its original scripture name is Uvvai. The Sutra
is based on Acharang Sutra.
This Sutra contains on excellent description of the great welcome receptions
provided to Lord Mahavir by the emperor Kanik (Son of king Shrenik) when the
lord come to Puru Bhadra Chaitya of the city of Champa.
This Upang contains description of the monk Ambad and his 700 disciples. It
states that these 700 disciples, though in the dress of monk were really performing
house holders’ (Shravaka’s) religion. The 700 disciples were wandering in the
forest for want of drinking water. They did not get drinking water from any
where. Now in the presence of Lord Mahavir they accepted total renunciation
(real monkhood). Now they lived without water and food and ultimately died and
emerged in god’s land as gods in next birth. This Ambad monk from god’s land
will emerge as a Jain householder in Mahavideh as Dradh Pratigna Shravak and
will get liberation from there.
13. Shri Raj Prashniya Sutra :
(Second Upang Sutra) Its Prakrut language name is
“Rau paseniya” it has its root in the And no. 2 called Suyagdang.
Lord Mahavir has appeared in the city of Amalkalpa. There is the construction of
Samovasaran. There god Muryabh Dev came to pay his respect to Lord Mahavir.
108 gods – goddesses emerge before Lord Mahavir and show the dramas of 32
different types. These dramas includes that of huge waves of ocean, sun-rise, sun-
set, moonrise and moon set, several dramas starting in serial of A, B, C, D, E, F,
etc. totally a serial of 25 dramas with wonderful actions. The whole life-Sketch of
Lord Mahavir with great action and excellent dramatic techniques .
Thus this Agam (Upan) is wonderful. It is full of material, related to dramatics. At
the end of the drama, Gautam asks lord Mahavir, “Who these gods and goddesses
were. At that time, lord Mahavir shows his past history. The question and answers
between Gautam and Lord Mahavir reflects the life-story of king prodeshi who
was impressed by the sermon of Shri Keshi Gandhar who was an acharya in the
tradition of Lord Parshvanath.
The whole description presents a story of an atheist being found from into a
gentlemen by the sermons and blessing of a good Guru, king predeshi did not do
very hard penaces . It was only 13 Chhattha (two fasts thirteen times). But only
on one life he will become a Siddha in the next life. What a Guru what minister!
what a King!
14. Shri Jivabhigam Sutra : (3rd Upang) :
It is Jivabhigam or Jivjivabhigam Sutra. It
is based on Sthanang Sutra. It deals generally with Jiva (living) and Ajiva (non-
living) substances and has given a deep analytical thoughts on this issue. In the
beginning we have narration about Vihay devi, where in it is described how Vijay
Dev had performed the Jal Pooja ? (devotion by water)and such other Poojas one
by one, of the Jain idols, having been permanently kept in his own Air plane. He
had also perform Pooja of non. Living Dadhas of the Lord Tirthankaras kept in
Manek Pillar. (Thus, Jeen Pooja is sanctioned by Agamas)
There has been a deep thought provoking substance on living and non living
matters in this scripture. The detailed information is provided about this in
addition to this, we have thought information about Jambu Dwip, Lavan Dwip etc.
as well as on islands, oceans, sun, moon, stars, etc.
15. Shri Pragnapana Sutra (The fourth Upang Sutra) :
In Pakrut language, the
name of this Sutra is “Pannavana” Sutra. This is forth of the Upang and it is
based on Samvayang Sutra. It is composed by Aryashyam who was disciple of
Umaswati Vachak, who was master of 10 Purvas.
As Bhagwati Sutra is considered to be great one among those Angas available at
present, so is this one among 12 Upangs available at present it has 36 divisions
each one dealing with a separate subject with 7787 verses.
Following the tradition of Vachak Umaswati, it deals with seven elements
including livings, non-living etc. In the division nos. 1,3,5,10 & 13 the elements
of living and non-living elements have been discussed. In division no. 16, 22 the
elements of Ashrav (good ones) are discussed; in division no. 23 the element of
Bandh Tatva is discussed whereas in last 36th division, there is a discussion on
Samvar-Nirjara (how to win evil elements) and Moksha Tatva an element of
16. Shri Surya Pragnapti Sutra (a fifth Upang) :
The Prakrut languagename of this
Sutra is “Sur pannati” and it is based on Bhagvati Sutra. Among Agamas, it is
considered as Kalik Sutra. This Sutra has 20 divisions (Prabhruts) and the first
division has 8 sub divisions (Prabhrtu Prabhrut)
This Sutra deals with Astronomy, and throws more light on sun and its movement,
simultaneously there has been discussion on moon etc. as well.
The Sutra is based on a style of questions and answers. Gautam Swam, the first
Gandhar goes on asking and Lord Mahavir, the last Tirthankara goes on replying.
The second division deals with the sun and its moment as dealt with by other
schools of thoughts. There has been a comparative discussion on both the versions
and that bases the discussion of sun and its movement over all in this Sutra, are
have a Jain point of view and its philosophical analysis about sun and its
17. Shri Jambu Dwip Pragnapti Sutra (The Sixth Upang) :
This Upang Sutra is
based on Shree Gnta Dharm Kathang Sutra. It has 7 divisions, known as
Vakshskar. The seven Vakshaskar (divisions) deal as under:
1st Bharat Kshetra (Indian Sub continents)
2nd Kalchakra (The Time Wheel)
3rd The great emperor Bharat Chakravarti
4th The Varsh Dhar mountains and area between Ramyak Kshetra to Airavat
5th The birth celebration of Lord Tirthankaras.
6th The areas. Mountains, Pilgrim, Places, series etc. in Jambu Dwip.
Besides this great Sutra discusses on a topic of mathematics one of the four great
Anuyog – worthy topics. In the 20th Sutra of this book, there is description of 32
characteristics and in 66th it touches 9 Nidhan (Nine symbolic signs)
One who wants to go deep into Astronomy, Particular about sun and moon,
should go through the 7th division of this Sutra thoroughly well, so that he can
have a simple understanding on this complex study.
18. Shri Chandra Pragnapti Sutra (The seventh Upang) :
This is as good as and as
similar as the Surya Pragnapti Sutra, and therefore the only difference between
the two is that between sun and moon. Except this difference this Sutra is similar
to Surya Pragnapti Sutra only.
According to Jain point of view, chandra is much bigger than sun, therefore its
air craft are bigger than those of sun, and its indras are more in numbers than
those of sun. besides the speed of movement is much more that that of sun.
Besides the speed of movement is much more than that of sun. except all these
small differences both have a lot of similarities between them.
The writing of this Agama is very little. Therefore here we have introduced to
the Agama Purush Agama incarnated. Its imagination is like this: in 47th verse of
Nandi Sutra churni, the 12 limbs of Agama pursh incarnated Agama, have been
show arranges as below:
1 The Right leg Shri Acharang Sutra.
2 The Left leg Shri Sutra Krutang Sutra.
3 The Right Knee Shri Sthanang Sutra.
4 The left Knee Shri Samvayang Sutra.
5 The Right Lap Shri Bhagvati Sutra.
6 The Left La[ Shri Ganta Sharma Kathang Sutra.
7 The Right Hand Shri Upsak Dashang Sutra.
8 The Nabhi Shri Anuttaroppatik Sutra
9 The Chest Shri Prashna Vyakaran Sutra
10 The Neck Shri Vipak Sutra
11 The Head Shri Dristivad Sutra
19. Shri Nirya Valika Sutra (Kalpika) (The Eight Upang) :
This Upang is subsidiary
to a collection of five Upang sutras. This means that, though it has only one (1)
name it has 5 different sections. Each section is a different, separate, individual
Upang as an entity. Each Upang Sutra has been recognized as a varg (Class).
First 4 classes have 10 sub divisions. The last 5th class has 12 sub division.
The eight Upang Niraya Valika’s other name is Kalpika. It has 10sub divisions
are given after 10 sons (Princes) of 10 queens of 10 queens, younger to queen
chellana of emper or Shrenik.
Besides the names to these 10 princes were given after their mothers (the queens)
e.g. the prince of a queen Kali is Kal Kumar, the prince of queen Sukali is
Sikalikumar etc. The life stories of these 10 princes are vividly described in this
Sutra. It is an appropriate name given to it. This Sutra is based on Ant Gad
20. Shri Kalpavatansika Sutra (Ninth Upang Sutra) (Shri Niraya Valika based):
Sutra is based on Shir Anuttarappatik Dashang Sutra. It has ten (10) sub divisions
named Padma – Mahapadma etc. In Niryavalika Sutra, we have details of 10
princes of king Shrenik. It describes the life stories of all 10 princes like Kal,
Sukal, etc. and their sons and grand sons etc.
All these 10 princes (Kal, Sukal etc.) impressed by the sermons of Lord Mahavir,
and they had renunciated, world at the hands of Lord Mahavir, performed great
penance thereafter, had a continuous fasts of a months, died on Vipalachar
mountain and ultimately attain Devlok – god’s land. Thereafter they will be born
as human in Mahavideh Kshetra, will destroy their eight fold Karmas and will
attain liberation. This is what is described here.
1 Shrenik’s son Kal his son Padma, he emerged in first Devlok.
2 Shrenik’s son Sukal, his son Mahapadma , he emerged in second Devlok.
3 Shrenik’s son Mahakal, his son Bhadra, he emerged in Third Devlok.
4 Shrenik’s son Krishna, his son Subhadra. He emerged in forth Devlok.
5 Shrenik’s son Sukrisna, his son Padmabhadra, he emerged in fifth Devlok.
6 Shrenik’s son Maha Krishna, his son Padmasen, he emerged in sixth
7 Shrenik’s son Virkrisna, his son Padmgulm, he emerged in seventh
8 Shrenik’s son Ram Krisna, his son Nalini Gulm, he emerged in eighth
9 Shrenik’s son Pitrusen Krisna, his son Anand, he emerged in Tenth
10 Shrenik’s son Mahasenkrisna, his son Nandan, he emerged in Twelfth
21. Shri Pushpika Sutra :
This is based on Nirchavilaka. This Sutra has ten (10) sub
divisions. In Jyotish Shakra what we find as Chandra Indra, Surya Indra and
Venus Planet (Sukra grah) had renunciated the world at the hand of Lord
Parshvanath. Because of some laxity in the Character to title extent, the merchant
of Shranik, named Angati is now sun Indra. The merchant of Shravsti named
Somil is now planet Venus.
All these three Gods had appeared in Gaunshil Chaitya in Rajgrihi city to Lord
Mahavir, to offer their worship. All these souls, in next life will get liberated
through Mahavideh Kshetra.
22. Shri Pushpa Chulika Sutra :
This Sutra contains the information and discription
of last lives of totally ten (10) goddesses viz. Shri Devi, Buddhi Devi, Dhruti
Devi, Kirti Devi, Hrim Devi, Laxmi Devi, Ila Devi, Sura Devi, Ras Devi, Gandh
Devi etc. and in their present lives, they appeared before Lord Mahavir offered
their respectful greetings with worship and showed some dramas and then went
back to their own place. Then in next life, they will go to Mahavideh Kshetra and
will attain liberation. This was told by Lord Mahavir himself to Gautam Swami.
All these Goddesses in their last life had renuciated the world at the hand of Lord
Parshvanath’s main nun Sadhvi Shri Pushpchula; but since they became
conscious of their body and its care, and thus displaced from a nuns’ vow, and
therefore they emerged as Goddesses in Sou Dharma Dev loka with an age of
Plyopam (innumerable years). This is stated in this Sutra.
23. Srhi Vahni Dash Sutra (based on Nirayavilaka) :
This Sutra contains the life
stories of 12 sons viz. Nishadh, Aniy, vah, vahel, Pragit, yakti, Dashrath, maha
Dhanu, Sapt Dhanu, Shat Dhanu etc. of Shri Baldev, elder brother of Krishna
In last lives also, these twelve (12) sons had very pure life and maintained best of
character. In present lives also, they will lead equally pure life, will emerge as
one-life God on Sarvarth Siddha Air Craft with 33 Sagaropam age, will
rennunciate the world and will destruct their eight-fold Karmas and will become
Siddha. This is described 12 divisions with 12 stories of each one. At present the
group of 5 Sutras are known as Nirayavalika Sutra.
24. Shri Chatuh Sharan Prakirnak Sutra (Payanna) :
Its original name was ‘Chan
Sharan payanna.’ Its significance is great. Its second name is Kushalannubandhi
The main focuas of this scripture is acceptance of four fold protections, to have
the bad deeds and to appreciate the good deeds. We have to repeatedly think of
these three subjects after and often. When the mind is disturbed, this is all the
more necessary; but even when there is a peace of mind, it is to be spoken and
remembered after. The human life will be successful only through this.
In the beginning it discusses the topic of Pratikraman the confession as a part of 6
essentials and it shows how the soul purifies itself with once help of 6 essentials.
– The Samayik purifies the quality of conduct.
– The Chatur vishatika purifies quality of Samyaktva.
– The Bow-down purifies the quality of knowledge etc.
– The confession (Pratikraman) purifies the quality of conduct.
– The Kayotsarg purifies the quality of own bad deeds.
– The Pachakhan purifies the quality of penance.
The Sutra was composed by Vir Bhadra Gani.
25. Shri Atur Pratyakhan Prakirhak Sutra :
The original name of this Sutra is “Aur
Pachakhan Payanna.” And it deals with the subject of necessary controls
mechanism for kind of rituals for the soul surrounded by pains and diseases of the
body. It is stated in the Sutra that if death takes place, when the person has taken
‘Desh virti’ i.e. Samayik or Paushadh etc. it is called a death of Bal Pandit (the
learned child) besides, it also describes about the death of those who have attained
Sarva virti i.e. those who have renunciated the world.
The original of this Sutra traces back to the 7th part of 13th century of Bagvati
Sutra. Where several kinds of death, have been thoroughly analysed.
A man who sees the death just fowling him how he should behave himself in the
devotion? This is properly described here along with, how he should blame
himself for whatever had he did to anybody and to take repentance for the some
from the Guru.
The compositor of this Sutra is Shri Vir Bhadra muni.
26. Shri Maha Pratyakhyan Prakranak Sutra (Payanna):
The original name of this
Sutra is Maha Pachakhan Payannag. It contains the ritual to be performed by
monks – persons holding Sarv virti Dharma i.e. who renunciated this world – at
the time of their death.
This ritual includes
– Bow downing to Lord Tirthankaras.
– Attaining Samyaktva.
– A great vow to keep away from sin.
– Blaming one’s bad deeds.
– Pronouncing ‘Karemi Bhatte’ Sutra’.
– Giving up one’s possessions, whatever
– Giving up both love and hatret.
– Asking pardon from everybody.
– Blaming 18 formation points of sins
– Concept of oneness and manyness.
The main focus is on issue that it is not difficult to incur a sin, because the soul
has a long standing experiments and habit of committing sin, but it is indeed
difficult to go to Guru and make a confession of one’s sins.
Of course, this matter is included in ‘Nishith charni as well. One who is offraid of
sin should remember this Sutra well this is composed by Virbhadra Muni.
27. Shri Bhakt pargana Prakirnak Sutra (Payanna) :
Its original name is Bhatta
Parinna. This is fourth Payanna Sutra in a series. Here in this Sutra it has been
discussed how the living beings are given a great vow of four kinds of foods to be
avoided. In the beginning it has been decided to refer to three ‘Karmas’ ard it is
shown as to who is eligible for Bhakta Parigna. The monk who is on the death
bed offers his respect to the senior Guru and requests him to give him vow for fast
until death (Anshan) then the Guru will show him how his sins can be washed
away he then offer him 5 great vows, other ritual, and give him good piece of
advice etc. has been described here.
Note : Ten Payannas have been detailed but there have been 25 more Payannas
(1) Angyulika, (2) Angvajja, (3) Ajivkalp,
(4) Atur Pratyakhyan, (5) Aradhana Pataka, (6) Rishi Bhasit,
(7) Kavach Dwar, (8) Chatuh Sharan, (9) Chandra Vedhyak
(10) Jambu Swami Adhyayan, (11) Jiv Vibhakti, (12) Jyotishkarandak,
(13) Yoni Prabhut, (14) Tirthod Galik, (15) Tithi Prakarnik,
(16) Dwip Sagar Pahnatti, (17) Paryataradhana, (18) Pindvishuddhi,
(19) Varg Chulika, (20) Vank Chulika, (21) Vyakhya Chulika,
(22) Vir stav, (23) Sansakta Niryukti, (24) Siddhprabhrut.
28. Shri Tandulvaicharik Prakirnak Sutra (Payanna) :
Its original name is
Tandulvyality it has 568 Venses it a both is Plase and poetry We find a referance
as vgu Sutra in he Churni a Dash Vailcalik Sutra as well this shows her fukk
Sutre as quite Old
In has Sutra he Number of rice glain is Shown as 460 Crore and
800Lakho the rice glain B?????? as Tandul in Sanskrithi Sutra is a thousuts alound rice
The Sutra Vividly, Discasses her Procers of Child devlopment and binth
ever since is in Cephlas in hr around of a wohar i9n Sutra gives 93 differear W???? used
is Synomynaous to Wonasn.
29. Shri Ganividhya Prakirnak Sutra :
The original name of this sutra is Ganijiapayganna. It has the information ????
to Astrology. It is Ganividhya i.e. vidhya of Acharya. It is implied that Acharya will use
that knowledge for well-being of Ganna-??????
The information contain details on day,date ,nakshatra ,?????, planets, muhurat-
the ??????? days, ???????, ??????, shakm-good &bad ???? in short, this is a special
category of work on astrology.
30 Shri Chandrovedh Prakirnak Sutra (payanna) :
Its original ???? name is Chandavijja payannag. The name of copmpositer
is not known. It has 175 verses. The subject matter of this sutra is how to keep peace of
mind at the fine of end of life. How much difficult it is to keep the mind in peace ? One
???? of that of Radhavedh is given ????. It is difficult to take target of left eyes ; inside
kikis, white looking at ????? moving axially in different directions.??????, it is difficult
to keep mind stable at fine of death. This is described here.
Besides, it cotains ?????? on ?????? of ?????, ????? of Acharyas,
????? ???????, the benefit of following rights conducts and benefits of
death with peaceful mind .?? in Simple manner
31. Shri Devendra Star Prakirhak (Payanna) :-